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Green OA is the practice of providing access to information either in pre- or post-print form, often through self-deposit at an institutional repository like ScholarWorks.
Gold OA is access provided through an OA journal, which makes all published content available online for free.
Gratis OA is free access to content.
Libre OA is free access to content as well as additional rights, such as the right to modify or disseminate a work.
Pre-print is the form of a journal article prior to submission and peer review. Journals may allow authors to archive pre-print version of their article in an institutional repository.
Post-print is the form of a journal article after submission, peer review, and changes made by the author to prepare the article for publication, but is not formatted in the journal style (i.e., with headers, columns, font changes, or other journal stylistics).
Learn about Open Access from PHD Comics and their "Things Explained" series. Animation by Jorge Cham, Narration by Nick Shockey and Jonathan Eisen, Transcription by Noel Dilworth. Produced in partnership with the Right to Research Coalition, the Scholarly Publishing and Resources Coalition and the National Association of Graduate-Professional Students
According to Peter Suber, the Director of the Harvard Open Access Project:
Some grant and funding organizations have Open Access requirements for their recipients, requiring them to place their research into publicly accessible repositories like PubMed Central. The National Institutes of Health has had an Open Access requirement for grantees since 2008, and announced in 2013 that they will begin holding back funding from researchers that do not comply with this requirement.
In 2014, the CSUSM Academic Senate unanimously approved a Resolution in Support of Open Access for Faculty Publications.
Why Open Access? What is the benefit to me as a faculty member? What is the benefit to CSUSM?
Open access provides increased visibility of and access to the research produced at CSUSM. The immediate and widespread availability of material in ScholarWorks provides worldwide access to scholarship, particularly to those that don’t have paid subscriptions to academic journals. The increased visibility and accessibility often results in increased readership and more citations. It is online access to the scholarly output of the campus community anytime, anywhere there is a computer and an internet connection and helps to remove the obstacle of privilege to scholarship.
Yes, many other schools have open access policies. The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Research Coalition has more information about open access policies around the globe.
How was this resolution of support written?
The Resolution in Support of Open Access for Faculty Publications was written by the Library & Academic Technology Advisory Committee (LATAC, now called Technology Policy and Advisory Committee TPAC), a standing committee of the CSUSM Academic Senate. It was presented to the Senate in the Spring of 2014 and passed with a unanimous vote of support.
SPARC: The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Publishing Coalition has a wealth of information about scholarly communications, author rights, as well as Open Access and Open Educational Resources.
OpenDOAR The Directory of Open Access Repositories, lists over 2,000 repositories around the world where research and scholarship is available.
Several colleges and universities are adopting Open Access Policies for their campuses. Some of these organizations even voted the policy in with unanimous faculty votes. Cal State East Bay recently passed a Harvard-style green OA policy on April 13, 2021 and it was made effective by signature of President Cathy A. Sandeen on May 19, 2021.
The Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) is an index of over 17,000 open access journals from across the globe. Journals from all countries and in all languages are accepted for indexing by DOAJ.
Open access book publishing is another way that faculty, staff, and researchers can share their scholarship. OAPEN, the Open Access Publishing in European Networks has a comprehensive guide and toolkit for Open Access Publishing. This toolkit aims to help book authors to better understand open access book publishing and to increase trust in open access books. You will be able to find relevant articles on open access book publishing following the research lifecycle, by browsing frequently asked questions or by searching with keywords.
There are some people trying to capitalize on the Open Access movement by charging authors and researchers high publishing fees to be published in journals that may look scholarly - but they are really more just to generate money. Scepticemia has a fantastic blog post that explains "predatory open acccess." It's not always easy to tell what is a predatory journal.
The Association of College and Research Libraries blog (ACRLog) explored "predatory publishing" in April, 2013. Included in their post is information about how to evaluate sources and how to determine if a publication could be considered "predatory." The site Think, Check, Submit can help authors to think about how to find the right publisher for their research.