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AMD 411: Data Visualization

This guide contains information sources intended to help you track down data related to sustainability topics.

How to cite data

From The International Association for Social Science Information Services & Technology/IASSIST Quick Guide to Data Citation


Author: Name(s) of each individual or organizational entity responsible for the creation of the dataset.

Date of Publication: Year the dataset was published or disseminated.

Title: Complete title of the dataset, including the edition or version number, if applicable.

Publisher and/or Distributor: Organizational entity that makes the dataset available by archiving, producing, publishing, and/or distributing the dataset.

Electronic Location or Identifier: Web address or unique, persistent, global identifier used to locate the dataset (such as a DOI). Append the date retrieved if the title and locator are not specific to the exact instance of the data you used.


These are the minimum elements required for dataset identification and retrieval. Fewer or additional elements may be requested by author guidelines or style manuals. Be sure to include as many elements as needed to precisely identify the dataset you have used.


Example (in MLA style):

Smith, Tom W., Peter V. Marsden, and Michael Hout. General Social Survey, 1972-2010 Cumulative File. ICPSR31521-v1. Chicago, IL: National Opinion Research Center [producer]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011. Web. 23 Jan 2012. doi:10.3886/ICPSR31521.v1