This guide is specifically for historical newspapers (generally running into the early 1990s.) Information on current newspapers, both print and digital, is found in the News & Newspapers Research Guide.
There are a variety of ways to access older newspapers and most are digital or microfilm collections due to the nature of newsprint being a material not intended for long-term storage.
At CSUSM, you can search several specific major newspaper titles found in the Database List collections by title. The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Times (London), and the San Diego Union each have individual archival collections.
Other titles can be searched using the Articles+ search on the library home page. Type your research topic (keep it simple) in the Articles+ search box and limit the results to "newspaper articles". This is going to return articles published from a variety of time periods and publications, but you find tools to narrow your results to the left of the results list.
Looking for a specific newspaper title or region?
It is best to have a newspaper title, but if you do not, you can try the word newspaper with a city or state to focus your search.
If you are interested in certain types or geographic divisions of papers, you can do a subject search on 'newspapers' and look through the available subdivisions that reflect more focused topics. Here are some examples of subject headings and sub-headings:
Research in many historical newspaper requires access to backfiles (the term used for older issues) and you may need to go to a newspaper 'morgue' for hard copies. These may be also found at a public library or a historical society located in the area you are researching. Many newspapers are not yet indexed or digitized and will require consultation with a librarian or history expert to locate pertinent materials.
CSUSM holdings for digitized older papers
For local papers without digital archives, contact information has been posted for possible archival access.
Los Angeles Times 1881-1996
Print: Latest two months in paper, online in the Library Databases by Title (L to find the title)
New York Times 1851-2016
NON-CSUSM users--You can use the NYT archives search to access free full text (prior to 1923.)
Online in the Library Databases by Title (N to find the title)
San Diego Union Tribune (1871-1983) Note this title has changed several times over the years.
Print: Latest in paper, older issues in the Microfilm Collection F-1
Online in the Library Databases by Title (L to find the title)
Escondido Times Note this title has changed several times over the years.
Online formats accessed through Library Catalog: 1893-1995
North County Times (San Marcos city edition)
Business Office: 207 Pennsylvania Ave. Escondido, CA 92025 (760) 745-6611
A related collection is the Daniel Rios Photographic Negatives, 1968-2001. This is collection of negatives from the Escondido city edition is being processed. If you are looking for images please send your requests to email@example.com for assistance.
San Diego Voice and Viewpoint
Business Office: 1729 N. Euclid Ave. San Diego, CA 92105 (619) 266-2233
Wall Street Journal <1980-on)
Older issues in the Microfilm Collection F-4, from 1984-on in ProQuest Direct
Microfilm Collection F-144 for years 1916-1988 (some gaps), 1995-on in ProQuest Direct or Factiva databases
Times (London) 1785-1985
Online in the Library Databases by Title (in 'T' collection)
Collections (multiple titles in one resource)
America's Historical Newspapers (1690-1998 from Newsbank) includes these collections:
Ethnic NewsWatch 1992-current <(papers in Spanish and English)
Indexes do not provide full-text to the articles, but act as a directory to tell you when an article was written addressing your research topic. Even weekly newspapers have so many different articles covering so many topics in one issue, it is difficult to locate the desired information unless you have a specific citation. Indexes speed up your research in comparison to guessing at a date and browsing the issues.
Some papers have print or digital indexes. Please refer to the Newspapers Research Guide for more information or consult the librarian.